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26                                   FLORA INDICA.                  [Ranunculacea.
HAB. Inter segetes in montibus Indise bor.: Beluchjstan, Stocks!
Afghanistan, Griffith! l^^ms.WlnterMtom! Ranawer, Boyle! etc.
Sirmur ad Kotgarh, Sir. et JPint./-, et in montibus Mghiri, Wight,
sed fide cL Munro in hortis tantum.—(El. Mai.-Jul.) (0. v.)
Herta erecta, 1-2-pedalis, simple? vel superne ramosa, glabra vel tenuiter pu-
bescens. Folia 1-3-uncialia, pimiatim decomposita, segtnentis anguste linearibus.
Jlores ad ramorum apices solitarii, diametro £-l^-unciales, coccinei, petalis basi
atropurpureis. Sqpda, petalis | breviora. Achenia, late ovalia, angularia, superne
prope apicem tnbcrcnkta, et basi dente actito quasi calcaraia.
The Indian, plant agrees perfectly with European and Siberian specimens. The
achenia vary a good deal in shape, and do not, we fear, afford good characters, though
many of the species described by European botanists seem to have no other distin-
guishing marks. The broad petals and globose flowers of A. autumnalis serve to
distinguish the typical form of that species from the ordinary state of A. astivalis,
but intermediate forms are common. Dr. Boyle's description seems partly taken
from A. autumnalis, of which we have seen no Indian specimens, those in Herb.
'Boyle being A. astivalis.
2. A. Pyrenaica (DC. Prod. i. 25); radice perenni, foliis radi-
calibus longe petiolatis multifidis caulinis subsessilibus, ramis unifloris,
acheniis stylo uncinatim recurvo apiculatis in capitulo ovali vel sub-
globoso dispositis.—Jteka. Ic. tel. i. t. $1.
HAB. In montibus Kashmir, Jacqumont! Winterlottom! et in Tibet
occid. prov. Guge, 8tr. et WintJ. (Trollius, No. 3.)—(EL Jim. JuL)
fr *.)
BISTEIB. In mont..Pyren8eisl necnon in Apennuiis et Hungaria,
Radix valida, fusiformia, subhorizontalis, collo squamis magnis membranaceis
vaginantibus involuta. Caules e collo plures vel solitarii, ^-1-^-pedalis, basi plerumque
nudi, superne foliosi. Folia radicalia lobge petiolata, caulem floriferum seepe fere
eequantia, cito marcescentia, decomposite pinnatisecta, segmentis ultimia anguste
linearibus. J/or^majusculi, auiei. Sepcda 7-8, obovata, pallida. Petala 12-15,
obovato-cuneata, obtusa, 1-1-^-pollicaria, sepalis subduplo longiora. Achenia magna,
angulata, glabra,.in capitulum densum aggregata*
Our Indian specimens are in flower only, and we had considered them at one time
a distinct species. A more careful examination, however, has shown us that the
characters on which we relied are of no value, and that our plant is in no way dis-
tinguishable from'"that of Western. Europe. A. vemalis, L., chiefly differs in the
absence of radical leaves, for the floral characters are by no means constant. It is
very remarkable that the Himalayan plant should be the same as that of Western
Europe, and diferent from that of the Caucasus and Siberia.
Sepala 5, decidua. Petala 5-15, ungue fovea nectarifera impressa.
Achenia subglobosa, stylo brevi apiculata. Semen pendulum.—-Herb®
alpesires, caulescent^ vel acaules, radice perennante, foliis decompositis,
floribus albis.
The only other known species of this genus, C. rutafoZivm, 0. A. Meyer, is a
native of the alps of Europe and Siberia.
1. C. pimpinelloides (Eoyle! El. 45); acaulis, foliis bipionati-